Hoosier National Forest


Hemlock Cliffs [MAP]

Scenic History

Hemlock Cliffs is a valley of special beauty in southern Indiana. A cool climate, created by the box canyon shape, sandstone rock formations, and seasonal waterfalls is responsible for the unique trees and plants that grow here.

Purchased in 1963 by the USDA Forest Service, Hemlock Cliffs has been a popular destination for people seeking tranquility, and a chance for reflection from within a cool rock shelter or along the shady stream.

Geology

The area features sandstone rock outcrops, overhangs, cliffs, rock shelters, and ravines. The rock you see is sandstone of the Tar Spring Formation. Much of the sandstone is "honeycombed" by weathering of iron ores. Springs, small caves, and subterranean drainage conduits are in the underlying Glen Dean Limestone.

Plants and Wildflowers

Lush vegetation is found along the cliffs, waterfalls and canyon floor. Hemlock, a tall evergreen with short needles and small cones, thrives in the canyon's cool climate. Wintergreen, a protected plant, is also found here. While common in northern forests, this is only one of three populations of wintergreen left in Indiana. Wild geranium, French's shooting star, mountain laurel, and liverwort are some of the other plants found here.

Early Inhabitants

Archaeological excavations indicate Native American occupation since 10,000 B.C. The head of the canyon is a large, semi-circular rock shelter, which undoubtedly provided cover and defense to the early occupants.

Hiking Trail

A two mile hiking rail leads you down into the canyon under a lush canopy of large trees, through rough shelters, and past high seasonal waterfalls. Parts of the trail are steep and slippery when wet, so use caution. It could take two leisurely hours to complete the loop.

To preserve the beauty and tranquility:

Restrictions

Violations are punishable by a fine of not more that $5,000 and/or imprisonment for not more than 6 months.

For more information, contact:

Hoosier National Forest
811 Constitution Avenue
Bedford, IN 47421
1-812-275-5987
TTY 1-812-279-3423

Tell City Ranger District
248 15th Street
Tell City, IN 47586
1-812-547-7051
TTY 1-812-547-6144