THE COTTON MILL 1849-1954 by Michael Rutherford


THE COTTON MILL
COTTON MILL- BEGINNING OF PRODUCTION- 1850

EBENEZER WILBUR
OPERATING PROBLEMS
PROPOSED EXPANSION
SURVEY OF INDIANA COTTON MILLS
COTTON MILL OPERATIONS
COTTON MILL SOLD
BIBLIOGRAPHY
NOTES ON CHILD LABOR IN THE COTTON
CANNELTON REPORTER 8 April 1854
CANNELTON REPORTER, Saturday,  24 June 1854

SURVEY OF INDIANA COTTON MILLS,

At Cannelton, State of Indiana.

ON WHICH INSURANCE IS TO BE PREDICATED.

ORIGINAL ON FILE IN OFFICE OF LOUISVILLE BOARD OF UNDERWRITERS.

 

Goods

Manufactured:.... [ ] Brown Sheetings.

Stock:................ [ ] Cotton.

Building:............ [ ] Built 1849. In good repair. Built of stone. HEIGHT: Three stories, basement

[ ] and attic. HEIGHT OF STORIES: Basement 10 feet, first and second stories 13 1/2

[ ] feet each, third story 14 feet, attic, average 10 feet. THICKNESS OF WALLS:

[ ] Basement 3 feet, first story 2 1/2 feet, second and third stories 2 feet, Side walls

[ ] plastered- not plastered overhead. Attic ceiling lathed and plastered. FLOORS: (three [ ] thickness,) 5 inches thick, laid over joists. Band holes and other openings boxed

[ ] that floors may be flooded. ROOF: Metal; has Dormer windows, sides of same

[ ] covered with metal. Steps to Dormer windows afford easy access to roof. No

[ ] balustrade or railing on roof. CORNICE: Stone. STAIRWAYS AND WATER CLOSETS

[ ] in Tower of masonry outside. No stairways in mill.

Elevator:............ [ ] Elevator near center of mill, automatic doors, always closed except during passage

[ ] of elevator.

Occupation:....... [ ] Basement: Machine Shop, Weaving and Baling, Roller Covering.

[ ] First Floor: Carding and Roving.

[ ] Second Floor: Weaving.

[ ] Third Floor: Spinning and Roving.

[ ] Attic: Spooling, Warping, Dressing, and Drawing in. Spinning and Harness Cleansing.

Ladders:............ [ ] One permanent iron ladder, extending to roof, with platforms at windows in each [ ] story. Movable wooden ladders; two 30 feet long each and two 15 feet each.

Lightning Rods:.. [ ] Four of approved kind

Machine Shop:... [ ] In basement with brick floor. No forge. No new machinery made. Wood worked for [ ] repairs to mill only. Shavings cleaned out every night.

Power:............... [ ] Steam.

Boiler House:..... [ ] One situated outside, built of brick, iron roof, containing 5 tubular boilers. Boilers 6 [ ] feet from wood, and walls 18 inches thick. Coal used for fuel and ashes wheeled off [ ] the premises.

Boiler Chimneys:[ ] One stone chimney, 106 feet high, 3 5-12 feet thick, and one brick chimney 91 feet [ ] high, 2 1/2 feet thick; they are respectively 30 and 15 feet higher than roof of mill.

Engines:............ [ ] Two engines, located in one story stone, metal roof, engine house, west of and [ ] adjoining mill, 21 inch cylinder 5 foot stroke, and about 350 horse power.

Warmed:............ [ ] Warmed by live steam. Pipes hung on iron hook plates 3 to 1 inch from wood, and 1 [ ] inch from wood where passing floors, held in place by iron washers. Pipes always [ ] kept clean. No stoves in mill.

Lights:............... [ ] Gas used for lights; manufactured from coal, in gas house outside on the premises. [ ] Refer to diagram for location. Open lights in all rooms except Picker house. No [ ] other fires in mill. Blacksmiths forge in smith shop outside. Refer to diagram for [ ] location.

Means of Exit- [ ]

gushing Fire:.... [ ] One Cope & Maxwell steam pump and one Latta steam doctor force pump, in house [ ] outside of mill, with Latta boiler, also connected with other one set of boilers used [ ] for supplying power to mill, capacity of each pump about 700 gallons per minute, [ ] expressly for fire purposes, always in condition for use, connected with cisterns and [ ] four fire hydrants in yard. Have a supply of steam until 12 P.M. every day except [ ] Sunday. Keep Latta boiler always charged and can raise steam in five minutes; will [ ] throw water over highest portion of mill. Stearm pumps tried frequently.

Vertical Pipe:..... [ ] Have two vertical pipes extending to top of mill; one in tower of masonry and one [ ] outside near permanent iron ladder; both have hose attached at each story, and [ ] both connected with steam force pump.

Hose:................ [ ] Have 68 feet of 2 1/2 inch and 200 feet 1 1/2 inch hose attached to vertical pipes. [ ] 1,100 feet 2 1/2 inch hose on hose carriages in hose house outside, all in good [ ] order. One tank of water in attic, capacity 100 barrels, with pipe descending to each [ ] room for supplying water for washing and filling barrels for fire purposes.

Steam Cocks:..... [ ] Have three 2 inch steam pipes in card room, turned on from outside; and one steam [ ] pipe to throw steam between attic ceiling and roof, turned on in attic.

Casks and

Buckets:............ [ ] Four casks and from 10 to 20 buckets always filled with water in each room, [ ] expressly for fire purposes; also have a well organized fire company of 36 men from [ ] employees in the mill, also a fire engine on the premises with 250 feet hose, [ ] couplings same size as those belonging to the mill.

Watch:............... [ ] Have a regular night watchman who attends to no other duty, also a day watchmen [ ] who is also yard overseer. Mill never left alone. Have a watch clock, (Howard & [ ] Davis, Boston, makers). Superintendent inspects watch clock.

Oils:.................. [ ] Paraffin and Sperm Oil used on pickers and lappers, engines and shafting. Valvoline [ ] Cylinder Oil used on engines, paraffin oil used on spindles and machinery. No [ ] gasoline, benzene, kerosene or chemical oils kept or used on the premises.

Waste:............... [ ] Dirty waste carefully removed from the mill every day to waste house. Refer to [ ] diagram for location.

Batting:............. [ ] No batting made in mill.

Sizing:............... [ ] Corn starch sizing prepared by steam only.

Dyeing:.............. [ ] No dyeing done.

Drying:.............. [ ] Cotton warp dried on slashers in attic.

Machinery:......... [ ] Four sections, 36 cards. 13,712 spindles, 440 looms; principal part of machinery is [ ] comparatively new; all in good order; none in mill not in use. Old harness kept in [ ] mill, in attic.

Matches:............ [ ] Kept in mill, in tin safes, at machine shop.

Drinking and [ ]

Smoking:........... [ ] Not allowed.

Hours of Work:... [ ] Summer, from 6 A.M. to 6 oclock P.M. Winter, from 6 A.M. to 6 P.M.

Picker:............... [ ] Building one story and basement, built of stone, metal roof, floors 5 inches thick, [ ] laid over joists. Ceiling not plastered, side walls are. Situated east of and adjoining [ ] mill building, heavy iron door to opening between. Stairs from basement to first [ ] story. Gas used for lights. Burners against wall and enclosed. Warmed by steam. [ ] Pipes hung on iron hook plates, and so arranged that they do not come in contact [ ] with wood or stock. One 2 inch steam pipe for extinguishing fires in each story, [ ] turned on in main building. Sprinklers in each story connected with steam force [ ] pump and turned on from outside. Two casks and twelve buckets always filled with [ ] water expressly for fire purposes.

Occupation:....... [ ] Basement: Dust room and picker room.

[ ] First Story: Two Lord openers, three Lord lappers, three Kitson breakers, (Walker & [ ] Hackett pattern). Beaters run in cast iron boxes, speed 1625. Pickers allowed to run [ ] on a loose pulley about 45 minutes per day, rest of the time required to make laps. [ ] A good man always in charge.

Incendiaries:...... [ ] Have no reason to fear that the property is in danger from incendiaries.

Hands:............... [ ] 309- 78 of them men.

Superintendent:. [ ] Is interested in profits of mill.

Ownership:........ [ ] Owned by a corporation who occupy the premises and are applicants for this [ ] insurance.

Encumbrance:..... [ ] None.

Value:................ [ ] Building originally cost over $90,000. Have within the past 10 years expended [ ] about $95,000 upon machinery. Machinery and engines have cost over $150,000 [ ] and are in perfect order. Stock, average value about $13,000.

Insurance:.......... [ ] Buildings, $55,900. Machinery, $129,500. Stock, $12,600.

E. WILBER, Superintendent

For Applicants

CANNELTON, Ind., August 1st, 1890.

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